Umm Sulaim's Thoughts

Thoughts Lead To Appreciation

FAITH VERSUS REASON | Is That A Reality?

Is there really a discord between faith and reason?

Is faith antagonistic to reason?

This publication provides ample evidence against the notion that reason is not integral to faith.

Some of the terms Allah used to elucidate reason cover a wide range of thought concepts.

1~ Ilm ~understanding
2~ Aql ~intelligence
3~ Fikr ~rational
4~ Zann ~thought
5~ Fiqh ~analysis

Reason is advocated by Allah as evidence of faith in Allah.

Surah An-Nisaa’ 4: 82 Do they not then consider the Qur’an carefully? Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much contradictions.

Surah Al-Ma’idah 5: 100 Not equal are bad things and good things, even though the prevalence of the distasteful may dazzle you. So fear Allah, O you endowed with understanding.

Surah At-Tariq 86: 5 Now, let humanity consider from what one is created.

Surah Aal Imran 3: 190

Certainly! In the creation of the Heavens and the earth and in the alternation of night and day, are signs for persons of profound understanding.

191~ Those who think deeply about the creation of the Heavens and the earth.

Allah explains in order to increase human understanding and faith.

Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 73 Allah brought the dead to life and showed you His Signs so that you may understand.

Surah An-Nahl 16: 69 In all these is indeed a sign for people who think.

Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 230 Allah explains His Laws to persons of intelligence.

Reason is often sufficient proof in defence of persons of repute.

Surah An-Nur 24: 12 Why then, did not the believers, men and women, when you heard it [the slander against Aishah] think better of it and say: “This accusation is an obvious lie”?

This clearly contradicts the position of Muslims who are deluded that one ought to add credibility to a charge one knows well is false.

State Security Service ~SSS, Sokoto readily comes to mind.

Although there is a perception here in Sokoto that I expect others to think the way I do, the reality is I expect Muslims to think.

Forget about thinking the way I do, just think.

That is a tall expectation, considering Muslims abhor thinking.

Reason is an intellectual exchange to enhance mutual understanding among humans.

Prophet Sulaiman permitted an absent servant to defend self to avoid the consequences of absentism.

I will certainly punish him severely or execute him, unless he presents to me a clear explanation. Surah An-Naml 27: 21

To the attempt of hypocrites to discourage Muslims citing the high weather temperature, Allah taught Muslims a superior argument:

“The fire of hell is fiercer in heat.”

If only they could understand. Surah At-Taubah 9: 81

Reason, however, is sometimes a distorted concept to justify racism.

After the creation of Adam, Allah ordered everyone present to bow to Adam.

Iblis, the leader of shayateen [singular: shaytan ~devil], refused.

Surah Al-Hijr 15: 32

Allah asked: Oh Iblis! Why were you not among the prostrators?

33~ Iblis replied: I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being.

To the self-righteous:

Do you enjoin right conduct on the people and neglect it yourselves. Yet, you study the Scripture? Will you not reason? Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 44

Surah An-Nisaa’ 4: 78 What has befallen these people that they fail to comprehend a single fact?

Surah Al-A’raf 7: 179 They have hearts; despite that they cannot understand. They have eyes with which they do not see and ears yet they hear not. They are like cattle, no more misguided, for they are mindless.

Surah Al-Anfaal 8: 22 The worst of creatures in the sight of Allah are the deaf and the dumb – those who do not reason.

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